TIC Šentjur

Ulica skladateljev Ipavcev 17

3230 Šentjur

 

Phone:
+386 3 749 25 23
+ 386 41 660 091

 

E-mail:
tic@turizem-sentjur.com

 

 

opening hours:

mondayfriday: 9.0016.00

Rifnik

The spirit of millennia-old history in Rifnik lives on to this day. Time and time again, the history of this area has been enriched by the discovery of objects of immense value.   These are now preserved in the ‘Treasures of Rifnik’ museum. From those ancient times comes also Firi...

 

Rifnik was already inhabited in 4,000 BC, as evidenced by those objects retrieved during numerous excavations conducted by archaeologists. The inhabitants settled on the top of the hill because of its unique and strategic location. This vantage point afforded them a great view in all directions and provided an early warning of approaching enemies. During that period the inhabitants used relatively simple equipment and weapons. They made ​​stone axes and hammers and used them to catch prey and in cultivating the land. They also used clay ladles, stuck onto wooden sticks.

 

There is evidence that in the Middle Bronze Age people lived near Rifnik. Since that was a period of peace and there was no threat of intruders it was not necessary to live up on Rifnik. During this time of peace the people at the eastern foot of Rifnik, in the village Črnolica cultivated the land, hunted game and produced the first ceramic products. However, the period of peace soon came to an end.

In the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age (9th to 6th century BC), once again people settled on the top of Rifnik. The inhabitants built huts on rectangular stone foundations. The wooden structure was intertwined with twigs, covered with clay and whitewashed. Larger huts had two or three small rooms; the central room being the kitchen with a fireplace in the middle. From that period miscellaneous crockery, tools, moulds for casting bronze objects, weights for looms etc., were found. In the graves various items were found, such as jewellery (bronze needles that was used as fasteners for clothing, bronze necklaces, rings, bracelets) and arms.

 

After the Roman colonization of this land, many things changed. The Roman settlers introduced new habits and new gods. For example the river Voglajna became home to the god Akvon, who had his sanctuary at the top of Rifnik.

 

With the coming of intruders this area once again witnessed turbulent times and the local inhabitants retreated to Rifnik (5th to 6th century), which provided protection. However, the intruders were better equipped and the natural protection afforded by the hill was no longer sufficient. Therefore, the entire settlement on the southern and western slope was fortified by strong walls that were a meter (three feet) thick, and built of quarry limestone and mortar. The new settlers also brought with them new objects, inventions and a new god, for whom they built a church. 

 

Even today life on Rifnik is quite lively. It is inhabited and there are an increasing number of the visitors, who want to see what it was like a long time ago. Rifnik continues to attract archaeologists who come to dig into the past hoping to find more information that would add to their understanding of what life was like thousands of years ago.

 

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